Cisco Unified Call Manager

CUCM is an enterprise call and session management infrastructure that streamlines team communication and collaboration for today's hybrid workforce.

2 min read


Cisco Unified Serviceability

The (Management Information Base) MIB Walk tool walks the SNMP tree for a target device and pulls the value of each OID in the supported MIBs. Use the MIB Walk tool to find out what MIBs and OIDs are supported on a particular device. MIB Walk uses the SolarWinds MIB database to determine the common, human-readable name for each OID and the MIB to which it belongs. SNMP communication must be enabled on the device. To walk the MIBs, you can use either the read-only or the read and write community string.

What is an SNMP Group?

An SNMP View must be associated with an SNMP Group. The SNMP Group does the work of defining the type of access: read-only or read/write. The SNMP Group also specifies what kind of security is enabled during the interaction with the device in question.

What is the SNMP View?

The SNMP View defines what you're able to see on a Cisco device. Using SNMP gives someone a lot of access to network devices. If you know what you're doing, you can even pull device passwords. An SNMP View can secure your network management by restricting that.

So, you might create a View that says, "I want people to only see the interfaces of this device." Or, "I want people to only see the statistics of that interface." You could even go further and say, "I want people to only see the statistics of one, specific interface of the device."

What's the difference between OID & MIB?

OID is a code string that represents some value.
MIB is just a database of all available OID's for the device, describing which OID is linked to which value.

Example: you have an interface eth0/0. This interface have some characteristics, like current MTU, Bandwidth, packet count, error count etc. Each characteristic can be presented by a numeric value:

MTU 1500
Bandwidth 10000
Packets 2442334
Errors 1332
Each of these values can be queried or read using a specific OID. For example MTU could be linked to OID your text here...

Network Performance Monitor (NPM)

Setting up SNMP View

snmp-server view ADMINView internet included
snmp-server view ADMINView mib-2 included
snmp-server view ADMINView cisco included
snmp-server view ADMINView ciscoEvMonSupplyStatusEntry.3 included
snmp-server trap-source VlanData
snmp-server source -interface informs VlanData
snmp-server enable traps snmp authentication
snmp-server enable traps rf
snmp-server enable traps memory
snmp server enable traps config
snmp-server trap timestamp
snmp-server host LOGGING SERVER IP version 3 priv ADMIN

Adding SNMP-Server Host to ACL (Poller Account)

!ip access-list standard ADMIN_Poller
ip access-list standard ADMIN_Poller
permit <>

Setting up SNMP-Server Host

!snmp-server host <LOGGING SERVER IP> version 3 priv <SNMP_USER>
snmp-server host <> version 3 priv <ADMIN>

Setting up SNMP User

!snmp-server user <USERNAME> <GROUPNAME> v3 auth sha <PASSWORD> priv aes 256 <ACL-Poller>
snmp-server user ADMIN ADMINGroup v3 auth sha P@$$w0rd priv aes 128 P@$$w0rd access ADMIN_Poller

Setting up SNMP Group

!snmp-server group <GROUP-NAME> v3 priv access <SNMP-VIEW> access type <ACL-Poller>
snmp-server group ADMINGroup v3 priv read ADMINview write ADMINview access ADMIN_Poller

Troubleshooting SNMP Issues

Verify Switch is Using ACL

switch# sh snmp user

Verify Access List

switch# sh access-list

Verify ACL changes

switch# sh access-list